Each week I will be giving you definitions for words beginning with different letters of the alphabet and will continue through the alphabet until we are done with all the letters.
This week I continue with more words beginning with “P”.
Pique is a type of fabric that has a honeycomb pattern of the front side of the fabric and an flat back side. It can be of cotton, rayon or silk and the texture is what distinguishes it. It is a medium to heavy weight fabric. When made of cotton it is very crisp but when it is a knit it is fluid and pliable.
Plaster is a surface material that is a mixture of powder (gypsum usually) and liquid to create a spreadable surface. When used on the exterior and sometimes interior it is usually stucco which is “plastered” on the surface. There may be other materials, like sand, mixed into the plaster. Some faux finished are called plaster and can create many textures and designs. Plaster can also be poured into a mold in it’s liquid state and allowed to dry in order to create inexpensive decorative items like lamps, sculpture and fireplace surrounds. These items can be finished with a variety of materials and made to look like limestone, marble or metal.
A platform bed is just what it sounds like – it sits on a platform instead of a frame. They tend to be lower than standard beds and can have the platform exposed or not under the mattress. Sometimes they incorporate a box spring but often it is only the mattress with the platform below it for support. These beds lean toward contemporary styling and are generally very simple and rectalinear.
Plating is a term that refers to a thin coating of metal being adhered to a less expensive base metal product so that it looks like the real thing. It is done by electroplating where the metals bond and are very durable. You have heard of the term “silver plating” or “gold plating” when used on jewelery and it is the same process. All metals can be used for the finished plating but must be compatable with the underlying metal.
Plenums are an intragal part of the structure of a building and are open passages or corridors for things to pass through. They are used to transfer heat and cold throughout the structure for the HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) system and can also transport wiring for electrical, phone and sound systems. They are not usually visible once the structure is finished.
Next week I will continue with more words beginning with “P”.