When you hear the term “hand made rug” what do you think of? There are many different kinds of hand made rugs and before buying, it’s a good idea to know the differences and why prices vary so much.

aziarugs.com-weaving-resized-6001.  Hand knotted rugs are truly “hand made rugs” and have individually hand tied knots on the vertical structure of the rug.  They are completely hand tied with no mechanical help and can take months to make.  They vary in price depending on the size, number of knots per inch and complexity of the pattern.  These are typically “oriental” rugs.  Via

flooringamericatally.com_-_tufting-resized-6002.  Hand tufted rugs are made with a tufting tool that is inserted into a backing like canvas but they are not knotted.  The backing is sprayed with adhesive to hold the yarn in place.  Flat woven rugs are also made with a weaving tool. Neither are considered true “hand made” rugs.  Via

rugrag.com_-_knots_per_inch-resized-6003.  Knot count is very important in determining the quality and price of a hand knotted rug.They range from 50 to 100 knots per inch and the price goes up accordingly.  The complexity of the overall design and the types and thicknesses of the yarn used (wool, silk, synthetic) also will play a part in determining the price.  Via

gotdirtyrug.com-rug_regions-resized-6004.  Country of origin makes a difference also in pricing and quality.  Persian (Iran), Chinese, Indian, Nepal and Tibetan are all types of hand made rugs.  Tribal patterns for the different regions are a way to identify the pattern but not necessarily the place where it was made.  There are many copy cats of the original designs today being made in less expensive regions. Via


5.  Fibers used will be of concern when buying a rug so be sure to request information on the content.  Many are made from wool and silk but today less expensive fibers are also being used like bamboo and rayon for a silky look at a lower price point.  Wool is the most durable and easily cleaned fiber for hand made rugs.  The natural lanolins from the sheep help to resist soil and the springy fibers have a natural buoyancy.  Via


6.  Shearing is the process of hand trimming the entire rug so that the threads are all even or if the design calls for some variations in depth it is sheared to one level and then the lower areas are hand trimmed again.  Via


7.  Ordering a custom rug is a good way to get exactly the colors and pattern you want but it is a time consuming process since the rug isn’t made until the order is placed.  You can order a strike off, which is a sample corner piece about 12×12 or 24 x 24. You select your colors from small yarn samples, called poms (shown above).  It will give you a good example of the coloring and pattern you have selected and needs to be approved before the order proceeds. There is usually a minimal fee for making the strike off.  Via



8. and 9. Caring for your rug is not difficult – just keep it well vacuumed and blot up spills immediately.  If it get dirty take it to a professional rug cleaning service and if it needs repair there are people who specialize in the intricacy of re knotting with exact color matched yarn.  It is a very specialized art but well worth it if the rug gets damaged.  8. source Unknown  9.Via

neklait.com_-_blue_rugs-resized-60010.  True hand made rugs are a treasure you will enjoy for many years and pass on to your descendants.  The finer the knotting, the smoother and tighter the finish and the harder wearing the rug will be.  Extraordinary rugs have been worn and used by many generations over the years. Source unknown